Tag Archives: Geography

Lombok Geography

Location

Lombok (113 km x 81 km) is an Indonesian island that belongs to the Lesser Sunda Islands. It lies in the Indian Ocean east of Bali and west of Sumbawa.

The island has an area of 4725 km ² and has 2.4 million inhabitants. The capital is Mataram. The city has about 360,000 inhabitants and is located on the west side of the island. Senggigi, Mataram and the mid-Gili. Lombok is slightly smaller than Bali, is much less touristy and the people are poorer.

Flora and Fauna

The island consists of rugged forested mountains to the sea often continue. Around the island winds a road full of hairpin bends, which have been built in the Dutch period.

The interior is rugged and undeveloped, while the flat and fertile parts of the coastal rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon and vanilla are grown. The second highest volcano in In donesië, Gunung Rinjani, Lombok and is situated at 3726 meter high.

Lombok in the west is separated by the Strait of Bali and Lombok in the east of Sumbawa by the Alas Strait. To the northwest coast of Lombok are some tropical islands. The most important are Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan.

They are popular diving and snorkeling destinations because they are surrounded by coral reefs with a variety of underwater animals such as sharks and numerous turtles. Visibility is more than 20 meter and the water temperature around 26 ° C.

Lombok is located on the “boundary” of the Asian and the Australian ecosystem, the so-called Wallace Line. Therefore Lombok has a wide variety of animals including monkeys, wild cattle, deer, many species (including the remarkable muntjakhert), wild boars, wild cats and numerous birds, including the Australian crested cockatoo.

Source: http://nl.wikipedia.org

Indonesia Geography

General

Indonesia consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. These are scattered over both sides of the equator. The five largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (the Indonesian part of Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea), and Sulawesi. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on the islands of Borneo and Sebatik, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor.

Indonesia also shares borders with Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines to the north and Australia to the south across narrow straits of water. The capital, Jakarta, is on Java and is the nation’s largest city, followed by Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, and Semarang. At 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 sq mi), Indonesia is the world’s 16th-largest country in terms of land area.I ts average population density is 134 people per square kilometer (347 per sq mi), 79th in the world,[62] although Java, the world’s most populous island, has a population density of 940 people per square kilometer (2,435 per sq mi). At 4,884 meters (16,024 ft), Puncak Jaya in Papua is Indonesia’s highest peak, and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometers (442 sq mi). The country’s largest rivers are in Kalimantan, and include the Mahakam and Barito; such rivers are communication and transport links between the island’s river settlements.

Indonesia’s location on the edges of the Pacific, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates makes it the site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Indonesia has at least 150 active volcanoes, including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century. The eruption of the Toba supervolcano, approximately 70,000 years ago, was one of the largest eruptions ever, and a global catastrophe. Recent disasters due to seismic activity include the 2004 tsunami that killed an estimated 167,736 in northern Sumatra, and the Yogyakarta earthquake in 2006. However, volcanic ash is a major contributor to the high agricultural fertility that has historically sustained the high population densities of Java and Bali