Lombok (113 km x 81 km) is an Indonesian island that belongs to the Lesser Sunda Islands. It lies in the Indian Ocean east of Bali and west of Sumbawa.
The island has an area of 4725 km ² and has 2.4 million inhabitants. The capital is Mataram. The city has about 360,000 inhabitants and is located on the west side of the island. Senggigi, Mataram and the mid-Gili. Lombok is slightly smaller than Bali, is much less touristy and the people are poorer.
Flora and Fauna
The island consists of rugged forested mountains to the sea often continue. Around the island winds a road full of hairpin bends, which have been built in the Dutch period.
The interior is rugged and undeveloped, while the flat and fertile parts of the coastal rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon and vanilla are grown. The second highest volcano in In donesië, Gunung Rinjani, Lombok and is situated at 3726 meter high.
Lombok in the west is separated by the Strait of Bali and Lombok in the east of Sumbawa by the Alas Strait. To the northwest coast of Lombok are some tropical islands. The most important are Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan.
They are popular diving and snorkeling destinations because they are surrounded by coral reefs with a variety of underwater animals such as sharks and numerous turtles. Visibility is more than 20 meter and the water temperature around 26 ° C.
Lombok is located on the “boundary” of the Asian and the Australian ecosystem, the so-called Wallace Line. Therefore Lombok has a wide variety of animals including monkeys, wild cattle, deer, many species (including the remarkable muntjakhert), wild boars, wild cats and numerous birds, including the Australian crested cockatoo.