Indonesia Climate

With the exception of the highlands, most of Indonesia has a very moist (often over 90{73c3f12038ac8ffc68faa73467795b962c656c71fb4655564176b6dcb7acd9e9}) tropical rainy climate, with average monthly temperatures vary little from the high annual average around 25 to 27 ° C.

The maximum temperature may reach a value of 36 ° C. The temperature in the range is reduced by about 1 ° C per 170 meter increase off. In the central mountains of New Guinea is at approximately 4500 meter peaks above the snow and the mercury to drop to below freezing.

Parts of Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Irian Jaya have a savannah climate with a short dry season. in the Palu Valley of Central Sulawesi is less than 500 mm annually, and is the driest area of the archipelago.

On the islands south east Timor and Roti, the dry season lasting seven months. As for precipitation vary considerably, both in quantity and for the year during which it falls. From December to late March, the prevailing winds from the northeast on North Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi, but during the passage of the equator, and they are bending over Java, Nusa Tenggara and beyond west northwest.

From June to October is the opposite direction, with an exceptionally dry air from the Australian desert to the southern half of Indonesia passes and over the southeast of Sumatra in a southwesterly direction changes. Then this air flow has become much water included. The rainfall is not evenly distributed throughout the year.

There are dry and wet months. It takes several months in dry generally from west to east and from north to south. It is spoken as a dry months, less than 60 mm rainfall. But in areas highly exposed to the monsoon rainfall is much heavier for. In Padang example, on the southwest h Exhibition of Sumatra, is about 4500 mm annually.

The average annual rainfall is between 2000 and 3000 mm, 1800 mm in Jakarta. In general one can say that from October to May in Indonesia wet-monsoon period ( “musim hujan ‘) is. In the afternoon rains often several hours very localized, so everything refreshed and the temperature drops slightly.

Most rain falls in January and February. The dry season ( ‘musim kemarau’), from May to October, it is favorable to travel. It is very hot, and there is only occasionally a little rain that nature again refreshed.

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